Many studies have examined the choice between different types of equity and non-equity modes; however, none has focused on the choice between different types of non-equity modes that service firms employ routinely. This study develops a theoretical framework based on the “organizational capability” perspective to explain the choice between two non-equity modes— franchising and management-service contracts. While previous studies are based on the premise that foreign market entrants choose a mode—equity or non-equity—that offers them most control given their particular circumstances, the premise of this study is that foreign entrants choose a non-equity mode that, in addition, offers effective transfer of the firm's capabilities to the host-country venture.
Erramilli, M. K., Agarwa, S., & Dev, C. S. (2002). Choice between non-equity entry modes: An organizational capability perspective [Electronic version]. Retrieved [insert date], from Cornell University, SHA School site: https://scholarship.sha.cornell.edu/articles/1145